Surface Analysis

Surface analysis is the study of the unit of a solid which is associated with a gas or a vacuum. When two different forms of matter are in contact, they form an interface. The word surface is usually specifies for the interface between a solid and a vacuum or between; a solid and a gas, the surface is examined to be that part of the solid that interacts with its environment. Other interfaces—those between two solids, two liquids, a solid and a liquid, or a liquid and a gas—is studied separately.


  • Track 1-1 X-ray photoelectron Spectroscopy
  • Track 2-2 Auger electron Spectroscopy
  • Track 3-3 Low-energy Electron Diffraction
  • Track 4-4 Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy
  • Track 5-5 Thermal Desorption Spectroscopy
  • Track 6-6 Ion Scattering Spectroscopy
  • Track 7-7 Ion Scattering Spectroscopy
  • Track 8-8 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
  • Track 9-9 Dual Polarization Interferometry

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